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Thursday, February 6, 2020 | History

3 edition of sources of Western morality found in the catalog.

sources of Western morality

Georgia Elma Harkness

sources of Western morality

from primitive society through the beginnings of Christianity

by Georgia Elma Harkness

  • 186 Want to read
  • 5 Currently reading

Published by AMS Press in New York .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Ethics -- History.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementGeorgia Harkness.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsBJ101 .H35 1978
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxi, 257 p. ;
    Number of Pages257
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL5290698M
    ISBN 100404106439
    LC Control Number72010723

    Biomedicine thus helps construct the individual as an autonomous subject -- a center of cognition and feeling -- who exists against a background of facts and material objects Comaroff Charity : a supernatural virtue that helps us love God and our neighbors, the same way as we love ourselves. Yet, contrary to this popular image of Greece, there is evidence -- even during the classical age[31] -- of a continuing irrationalist, Dionysian strain. After collecting his data, Kohlberg classified the responses into stages of moral development.

    The question must arise, Which tradition? The Intention The person also has an intention which determines the act's morality. Unless we live in a dictatorial society, we are free to choose our own personal moral code. He began to think about old agedisease, and death, and decided to follow the way of the monk.

    Actually Brodwin points out that it is not at all unusual for people to be trying several healing strategies at the same time including strategies of both illnesses of God and illnesses of Satan. New York: E. Lutheran Philipp Melanchthonin his Elementa philosophiae moralis, still clung to the Aristotelian philosophy strongly rejected by Martin Lutheras did Hugo Grotius in De jure belli et pacis. The Intention The person also has an intention which determines the act's morality.


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Sources of Western morality book

These cannot be healed by biomedicine what the criterion really means is that with some reasonable chance to try biomedicine on a short-term basis, biomedicine has not in fact cured the malady, thus the illness is now regarded by the patient, family and even local community, as an illness of Satan.

One and the same action can also be inspired by several intentions, such as performing a service in order to obtain a favor or to boast about it. The Indian caste system, with its intricate laws about what members of each caste may or may not do, is accepted by the Upanishads as part of the proper order of the universe.

These basic principles underwent considerable modification over the ensuing centuries, especially in the Upanishad s, a body of philosophical literature dating from about the middle of the 1st millennium bce.

Crucial to the mode of healing is a moral question: to what degree is the sick person "deserving" or guilty of some moral wrong which leads to the sickness?

The book also explains good and bad things happen to righteous and wicked people alike, and it consoles the women violated in the recent calamity. The question must arise, Which tradition? As Christians, of course, we must make judgments about all cultures based on the eternal standard of Scripture; I am not advocating cultural relativism.

Book V: a refutation of the doctrine of fate and an explanation of the Christian doctrine of free will and its consistency with God's omniscience.

The Two Sources of Morality and Religion

Prudence : also described as wisdom, the ability to judge between actions with regard to appropriate actions at a given time Justice : also considered as fairness, the most extensive and most important virtue [20] Temperance : also known as restraint, the practice of self-control, abstention, and moderation tempering the appetition Courage : also termed fortitude, forbearance, strength, endurance, and the ability to confront fear, uncertainty, and intimidation Faith : belief in God, and in the truth of His revelation as well as obedience to Him cf.

Circumstances can never make an evil act into a good one. The ideal is continence, the conquest of desire. They seek a new understanding of celibacy that is focused on God rather than a future marriage or a lifelong vow to the Church. Ancient Near Eastern and Greek ways of thinking about sex seem strange to us only because the West has been so deeply infiltrated with the Christian understanding of sex.

Fertility Cults and Sacred Prostitution In many ancient societies, sex was a part of worship, a fact most clearly evident in the institution of cult prostitutes. What I describe above is, as best I follow the complex story Brodwin weaves, the general pattern which the patient follows or faces when one is seriously ill.

Translation by William Babcock, notes by Boniface Ramsey. Hence, truth and right are linked; to penetrate through illusion and understand the ultimate truth of human existence is to understand what is right. Augustine's focus was Heavena theme of many Christian works of Late Antiquity.

Restriction of divorce was based on the necessity of protecting the woman and her position in society, not necessarily in a religious context, but an economic context. Without these principles in place, societies cannot survive for long.

But, since slaves were such valuable property their medical needs had to be met. Perhaps I have been too harsh in my treatment of the first and last chapters of this marvelous book.

It also seems possible that the person was just successful and someone else sent the sickness out of jealousy, or coveting the job or success of the other. Socrates would have been prosecuted in most American communities as a pederast.

In this school of thought, ethics, with its focus on distinguishing right from wrong, tends to produce behavior that is simply not wrong, whereas the Christian life should instead be marked by the highest form of right.

He asserts that it is obvious that "Western society is organized in the service of wealth" and thus wealth has triumphed over God in the West.

Chapter Moral Education

I didn't read the book as a book on medical anthropology which it isbut as a book about healing in Haiti. The Egyptians were the first of mankind to feel religious scruples in certain matters -- notably, not to lie with women in holy places nor yet to go into the holy places after lying with a woman without first washing oneself.

Book VI—X: A critique of pagan philosophy Book VI: a refutation of the assertion that the pagan gods are to be worshipped for eternal life rather than temporal benefits. On the other hand, something about Brodwin's account again rings true of my own informal and non-anthropologist experience: in many visits with people in the remote countryside of the Plateau Central, I was always amazed at how much the houngan and mambo were relied upon for healing, and how very seldom the healing practices used the more formal religious rites of the Voodoo services, but used practices much like Brodwin described, that is, attempts to work one on one with the patient rather than through a more thorough going service.

There are two sorts of illness: Illness of God and illness of Satan. The Middle East The earliest surviving writings that might be taken as ethics textbooks are a series of lists of precepts to be learned by boys of the ruling class of Egyptprepared some 3, years before the Christian Era.Morality and law are not the same although of course they overlap.

Law might be thought of as a public codification of morality for a culture, although certain laws in that system, or even the system itself, might be deemed immoral, e.g., apartheid. Law is not a necessary attribute of morality although morality may.

Thus, African humanitarian ethics spawns social morality, the morality of the common good, and the morality of duty that is so comprehensive as to bring within its compass what are referred to as moral ideals (such as love, virtue, compassion), which are considered supererogatory in Western ethics.

Apr 11,  · Morality comes from nature in the Chinese intellectual tradition. Nature is the source of morality as it lives.

Read Tao Te Ching and you'll see it alive in reality. And yes Lao Tzu named it, as paradoxically as he says at the opening of his book, the way of the nature.

Mar 04,  · Books Advanced Search Amazon Charts Best Sellers & more Top New Releases Deals in Books School Books Textbooks Books Outlet Children's Books Calendars & Diaries The Two Sources of Morality and Religion and over 8 million other books are available for Amazon Kindle.3/5(1).

Morality is the differentiation of intentions, decisions and actions between those that are distinguished as proper and those that are improper. Morality can be a body of standards or principles derived from a code of conduct from a particular philosophy, religion or culture, or it can derive from a standard that a person believes should be universal.

Morality may also be specifically synonymous with "goodness" or "rightness". Moral philosophy. Jun 08,  · This week’s Pop-Up Chinese podcast is both exceptional and exceptionally interesting.

The topic is morality in China, with Kaiser Kuo and Jeremy Goldkorn as the hosts and David Moser and Didi Kirsten Tatlow as the guests. I have to confess that I find raising issues like these somewhat morally troubling in that If you are interested in China, I recommend you give it a listen.

Sources of Morality